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What Is Phishing attack and How These Attack Works

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Want to know how hackers can hack your account? Do you learn the different techniques that a hacker can use for hacking your account? Then you must give a read to this.

We will tell you about the phishing and spear-phishing attacks, Facebook phishing, phishing emails, spoofing addresses, the use of fake URLs, and fake websites. We will also guide you about how you can detect an attack and protect yourself from phishing attacks.

WHAT IS PHISHING?

First of all, to protect yourself from a phishing attack, you need to know what does phishing means?

Phishing sounds like fishing. Yes, it also works like that. It is a social engineering technique developed to steal your passwords, credit card numbers, and other essential data that you put on the internet. The primary motive of such a phishing attack is to use the credentials to gain further access to more delicate information such as social media passwords and bank account numbers.

To explain it more for your understanding, an example shall work. For instance, you may receive a text message, email, or phone call that contains a link to the site that the attackers control. This link may ask you to enter your login details. By using this, they may efficiently perform a phishing attack. The email is usually designed to look similar to a regular Dropbox or Facebook email. It might also look like a link to a fake site like Dropbox or Facebook.

WHAT IS A SPEAR PHISHING ATTACK?

Spear phishing is a kind of phishing attack that is mainly aimed at attacking you. A spear-phishing attack is not spread around like spam. Such spear-phishing attacks are fruitful as they turn out to be sophisticated attacks because the email might be intended for and be modified to a specific context.

Fishing, in which you through the bait and wait for any fish to come and bite. While in a spear-phishing attack, you are being followed individually instead of dropping your bait into the ocean and waiting for any fish to bite.

For instance, if you provide services as a freelancer, you may get an email in your inbox to upload your letters in Dropbox, but instead of linking you to the Dropbox folder, you are directed to a phishing site. Once you have typed in your password, you will be redirected to the original folder and never suspect any shady play.

Spear phishing attacks commonly occur in hefty organizations where criminal enterprises, competitors, and governments might gather intelligence about the organization’s workers to figure out weak spots in the system.

FACEBOOK PHISHING AND OTHER ATTACKS

One of the phishing attacks takes place through Facebook. It might look insusceptible, as shown in a notification that says ‘someone mentioned you in a comment or ‘someone shared a document in the Dropbox.’ Attackers wait for you to put your details, and then you may be redirected to the real site and asked again to enter credentials again, but this time justifiably. All doubts will go away as it logs you to the original site.

However, the phishing attack has been made by the attacker. He has collected your username and password. Moreover, he might easily use your email address to hack your other accounts.

The most dangerous thing about a phishing attack is that the attacker has access to your email inbox in which financial details are available. He might use these details in your absence.

SPOOFING ADDRESSES AND PHISHING E-MAIL

Phishing attackers generally use two technological tricks to phish people via email or phone calls. Attackers might use the best language, good timing, and excellent design to plan a phishing attack successfully.

The most easily spoofed are emails and phone calls. So it’s difficult to guess whether the email has come from Facebook. Several email services will check for cryptographic signatures to prove that a particular realm has sent the email; however, it might also not work.

A phone call may also perform a phishing attack. For example, you receive a phone call from a bank account asking for your account details. But it’s not known whether this call is originating from this number.

The solution to such phishing attacks through emails and calls is to write them back or call them again and wait for the reply.

PHISHING AND FALSE WEBSITES

Another way of executing a phishing attack is to develop fake websites that look exactly like the real ones. Attackers may register URLs that mimic those of legitimate sites. They usually change the order of letters such as goolge.com or use the sub-domains that sound like legitimate domains such as facebook.com.importantsecurityreview.co.

For making the website appear authentic, the attackers get HTTP’s security certificate as they are the owner of the subdomains.

HOW TO SPOT A PHISHING ATTACK? HOW TO PROTECT YOUR DATA FROM PHISHING?

Two-factor Authentication can offer protection to counter a phishing attack by making it hard for the attacker to access your account. However, sophisticated phishing attacks will not accumulate your identification but log into your account concurrently. The attacker will quickly know whether the credentials are functioning; if not, it will ask you again to enter the password.

When attackers encounter Two-factor Authentication or a captcha, they will ask you to enter the code into a window on their fake site and then use this to get into your real account.

To avoid these phishing attacks, a few companies and Facebook permit you to upload your PGP key to their servers. Every email you receive from Facebook will be encrypted, making it effortless to verify their authenticity. The good thing about this is that if someone gets logged into your account, he might not see your notifications and reset your password.

Sadly, the only long-lasting defense against phishing attacks is healthy skepticism, due attentiveness, and a strong awareness. To avoid phishing attacks, various organizations regularly check their staff in their ability to sense phishing scams. In companies where cyber security is of the highest importance, not detecting a phishing scam can lead to the employee’s termination.

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Waqas is a cybersecurity journalist and writer who has a knack for writing technology and online privacy-focused articles. He strives to help achieve a secure online environment and is skilled in writing topics related to cybersecurity, AI, DevOps, Cloud security, and a lot more. As seen in: Computer.org, Nordic APIs, Infosecinstitute.com, Tripwire.com, and VentureBeat.

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