The Internet of Things, also known as IoT, is a new way of digital interaction that promises to bring numerous changes to our everyday lives. We already have our computers, tablets, and smartphones that have changed our interaction with the digital world. However, the Internet of Things sits somewhere in between while automating specific processes and managing different kinds of data. When connected, these devices are competent as they can process several different data streams and make sense of that information using a digital cloud.
IoT and Cloud Security
We shouldn’t forget that IoT devices are still new as their implementation is rising. This means that they bring a new set of security issues that can be when exploited, very damaging for individuals and companies.
Let’s not forget what happened in October 2016, when a carefully planned denial of service attack completely blocked tech giants like Netflix, Spotify, Reddit, and Airbnb. This attack occurred through IoT devices, including smart security cameras, where each of those devices had a vulnerable IP address. This DDoS attack used these devices to send vast amounts of Internet traffic, which crashed these popular websites. Every device connected to the Web can be exploited – and IoT devices are a network of interconnected devices connected to both large and small cloud systems.
IoT and Cloud Computing
From their beginnings, IoT devices relied on cloud computing & cloud storage. This is because IoT devices are great for collecting different kinds of data – and they have accumulated massive amounts by now. This data is sent to cloud computing providers who store and allow users to make sense of the data. This complementary relationship is tough to break, even though this brings numerous security-related concerns. We have created IoT devices that depend on cloud computing, but we don’t fully know how to protect that Internet connection against malicious attacks. So, is there a solution?
Can We Fix the Cloud and IoT?
The truth is that IoT devices send data to the cloud because it’s easier and faster to build a system that works that way. Some of the best cloud storage are capable and prepared to handle vast amounts of data. We already have the needed infrastructure, and we can already create a powerful cloud system powered by capable software. Still, this doesn’t have to be the only way IoT devices work.
Numerous companies have recognized the most significant vulnerability of the Internet of Things – their questionable security. This is why some are turning to the development of IoT devices that aren’t connected to the Web. This is a big step that could enable the Internet of Things to work offline and process (or at least prepare) some data on its own. Since we can’t disconnect IoT devices from the Web (and we shouldn’t do that), we can make that connection temporary. Furthermore, it should become a standard policy that every IoT device has its encryption key. Sadly, this is associated with several trade-offs like longer development time and higher costs for companies and individual buyers.
What’s Next for the Internet of Things?
We are slowly becoming aware that the IoT needs to be changed. It’s too vulnerable in its current state, and we can’t just make IoT devices that don’t need the Internet. So, what is going to happen to this technology?
Many believe that the IoT’s future is called edge (or fog) computing. IoT devices shouldn’t be directly connected to the Web, but instead – there needs to be an intermediary. These can be gateways, industrial PCs, and micro data centers. IoT devices will be connected to these edge computing devices that can be successfully secured against malicious attacks. Even better, these devices can process information and data on their own and prepare it before sending it to the cloud.
It’s interesting to note that even though edge computing is a new aspect of the IoT, it’s estimated that up to 600 million IoT devices are already using it. It is currently estimated that up to 5.8 billion IoT devices will use this technology by 2020. The initial reports are very good, so we’ll surely see the rise of edge computing.
IoT devices have already changed the way we interact with our homes: from smart thermostats, electric plugs, customizable light bulbs, up to smart door locks. Businesses are also using this technology to enhance their inventory systems and improve their CCTV systems. However, this technology is still relatively new and comes with trade-offs that shouldn’t be neglected. On the other hand, the future seems bright. We’ll start hearing about edge computing a lot more very soon.